Region is one of the 30 regions of Tanzania. Its Regional Headquarters
is in Tanga. Tanga region is situated at the extreme north-east corner
of Tanzania between 40 and 60 degrees below the Equator and 370-39010'
degrees East of the Greenwich meridian. The region occupies an area of
27,347sq kms, being only 3% of total area of the country.
The region is bordered to the north by Kenya and Kilimanjaro Region, to
the East by the Indian Ocean, to the South by Pwani and Morogoro
regions, and to the West by Manyara Region.
The Region was previously known as Tanga Province, which, however,
included the Same and Mwanga districts which are at present in
Administratively, Tanga Region is divided into seven districts: Tanga,
Muheza, Korogwe, Lushoto, Handeni, Pangani and kilindi. The region has a total
of 37 divisions. 136 wards and 557 villages. The Regional
Administrative Secretary is the Chief Executive in the region assisted
by District Executive Directors at district level and other functional
officers; while the Regional Commissioner is the administrative
overseer and represents the President in the region.
The region has a land area of 27,348sq kms, of which total area available for agricultural activities is 17,000sq kms only.
According to the 2002 Tanzania National Census, the region has a population of 1,642,015 people.
The tribes include Wazigua, Wabondei, Wasambaa, Wadingo, Segeju the
migrated tribes to the Region are the Pare, Wataita, Wambugu and Wanago.
In spite of the tremendous resources and other potentials that Tanga
region is endowed with as well as the good infrastructure it possess,
the region is underdeveloped. The agricultural sector faces a number of
problems including inadequate utilization of fertilizers and other
agricultural inputs. People practice shifting cultivation and burning
of open spaces and use very poor agricultural technology due to low
level of education among the farmers.
the problems and challenges Tanga region faces, given its tremendous
potentials, the region is seen by most people as a strategic one that
can be explored to stimulate Tanzania and East African development.
It is cited that the huge arable land, varieties of minerals, different
types of tourist attractions and a good infrastructure especially the
Tanga port, have made the region a gateway to East Africa.
The economic potential of Tanga region is in fishing, agriculture, tourism, mining industry and commerce.
The region has large, medium and small size industries. The activities
of these industries range from food processing, beverages, textiles and
clothing, processing of crops, particularly sisal and tea, timber and
wood products, pulp and paper production. Other includes building
materials production, steel and iron plants.
There are tourist attractions in Tanga which have chains of wildlife
national parks with a wide variety of animals. Other tourist
attractions in Tanga include old stone buildings. Amboni valleys, Amani
National Reserve, Lushoto forests and coastal beaches.
There are a number of good hotels to accommodate tourists in the
region. It can be deduced that there are plenty of investment
opportunities in all sectors of the economy especially agricultural
food crops which grow in Tanga, including maize, cassava, bananas,
fruits and vegetables.
Cash crops grown in the regions are sisal, cashew nuts, coffee, tea, cotton coconuts, cardamom and tobacco.